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How to write a Recount
How to Write an Information Report


Tips to improve your writing


  1. Brainstorm ideas and plan your writing.
  2. Determine the text type or genre required for the writing task and the appropriate 'structure' for that text type. (Ask your teacher if you are not sure)
  3. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence or point. Remember to use the P.E.E.L. model (see below)
  4. As you write, think about how the sentences in your paragraph are related to one another. Are you talking about something that happened? Use the "Sequence/Time" transitions word list below. Are you talking about steps in a process? Use the "Adding to an Idea" transition word list below. Are you comparing and contrasting two ideas? Use the "Showing Contrast" transition word list. Of course, the summarising and examples transition words work the same way.
  5. Use the transition list while you are revising. Sometimes, it is easier not to worry about these words until your final draft stage, especially if you are a beginning writer. How do you do this?1peel paragraph.PNG

    • Go through your first draft and circle the first word in every sentence.
    • If you use the same word to start a sentence twice in a paragraph then you need to add a transition word, or re-word the sentence.
    • How to Choose Transition words: Which transition word? Think about how that sentence fits with the one before it.
    • If it is a time sequence, use "next," "then," or consider using "first," second," etc. (see below)
    • Does it add information? Then use "Moreover," "Furthermore" or another adding word.
    • If it contrasts with the sentence before you might use "However" or "On the other hand."
    • Don’t use the same transition too often.
    • Don't forget to use a comma after the transition word, and don't forget to put the subject of the sentence after the comma.


TRANSITION WORDS


Sequence/Time:

first... second... third...
generally... furthermore... finally
in the first place... also... lastly
in the first place... pursuing this further... finally
to be sure... additionally... lastly
in the first place... just in the same way... finally
basically... similarly... as well
The former, the latter
The following
afterward
at first
before
currently
during
earlier
eventually
finally
first of all
to begin with
in the first place
at the same time
first (second, third),
for now
immediately
in the meantime
for the time being
the next step
in conclusion
in time
in turn
later on
meanwhile
next
then
simultaneously
soon
while
with this in mind

Adding to an idea
Consequence:
Additionally
accordingly
Also
as a result
Again
because
as well as
consequently
Besides
due to
Comparatively
for this reason
consequently
for this purpose
coupled with
hence
correspondingly
otherwise
furthermore
since
in addition
so then
indeed
subsequently
in fact
therefore
identically
thus,
likewise
thereupon
moreover
wherefore
similarly

together with





Emphasising:
Giving a reason
admittedly

above all
Due to / due to the fact that
as a rule,
Owing to / owing to the fact that
as usual
Because
assuredly
Because of
certainly
Since
chiefly
As
especially
Due to and owing to must be followed by a noun.
granted
"Due to the rise in oil prices, the inflation rate rose by 1.25%."
generally speaking
"Owing to the demand, we are unable to supply all items."
for the most part

generally

generally speaking ............................

in this situation

no doubt

obviously

of course

ordinarily

particularly

to be sure

singularly

undoubtedly

unquestionably

usually

with attention to




Showing Contrast
Examples:
although
chiefly
however
especially
Besides
for example
But
for instance
Despite despite the fact
for one thing
Even though
as an illustration
except
illustrated with
in contrast
as an example
in comparison
in this case
conversely
in particular
instead
markedly
likewise
namely
nevertheless
particularly
on the one hand…on the other hand
including
on the contrary
specifically
other than
such as
outside of

rather
Summarising
similarly

yet
In short
still
In brief
In spite of / in spite of the fact that
In summary
Nonetheless
To summarise
While
In a nutshell
Whereas
To conclude
Unlike
In conclusion
In theory… in practice…