Glossary


Anglo-Celtic:describes a person whose origin is the British Isles

census:the counting of a population, along with details on age, sex, jobs and other relevant information

crude birth rate:the number of live births per 1000 population

crude death rate:the number of deaths per 1000 population

demography:the study of populations, including patterns and trends in population data

emigration:the movement of people out of a country

ethnically diverse:describes a population composed of people from different ethnic backgrounds or origins

fertility rate:the average number of babies born to women during their reproductive years

immigration:the movement of people into a country

Indigenous people:the descendants of the original inhabitants of an area

infant mortality rate:the number of deaths per 1000 babies under one year of age

interstate migration:the movement of people from one state of Australia to another

intrastate migration:the movement of people from one location to another within a state of Australia

migration:the permanent or semi-permanent movement of people from one location to another

natural increase:the excess of births over deaths, usually expressed as a percentage

net overseas migration:the number of people migrating to a country minus the number of people emigrating to live in other countries; it is expressed as a percentage of the total population

population density:the number of people living in a given area, usually a square kilometre

population pyramid:set of bar graphs that show the age and sex distribution of a population

referendum:a process through which change can be made to the Constitution, in which electors vote on a particular change

refugee:a person who, owing to religious persecution or political troubles, seeks shelter or protection in a foreign country

replacement rate:a total fertility rate of 2.1. When a population reaches this level, it will remain stable (assuming no immigration or emigration takes place).

rural settlement:site where most of the people are engaged in primary industry, such as farming, fishing or mining

settlement:a group of people living in one place or location

standard of living:the amount of goods and services, mainly food, clothing, housing, education and health, that is available for use in the community per head of population

sustainable development:development that meets the needs of the present population without endangering the ability of future generations to meet their own need

surban settlement:site where most of the population is engaged in tertiary industries, such as commerce, administration and transport